Child And Youth Welfare Code
TITLE II, CHAPTER IV
LIABILITIES OF PARENTS
Art. 58. Torts. - Parents and guardians are responsible for the damage caused by the child under their parental authority in accordance with the Civil Code.
Art. 59. Crimes. - Criminal liability shall attach to any parent who:
1. conceals or abandons the child with intent to make such child lose his civil status.
2. abandons the child under such circumstances as to deprive him of the love, care and protection he needs.
3. sells or abandons the child to another person for valuable consideration.
4. neglects the child by not giving him the education which the family's station in life and financial conditions permit.
5. fails or refuses, without justifiable grounds, to enroll the child as required by Article 72.
6. causes, abates, or permits the truancy of the child from the school where he is enrolled. "Truancy" as here used means absence without cause for more than twenty school days, not necessarily consecutive.
It shall be the duty of the teacher in charge to report to the parents the absences of the child the moment these exceed five school days.
7. improperly exploits the child by using him, directly or indirectly, such as for purposes of begging and other acts which are inimical to his interest and welfare.
8. inflicts cruel and unusual punishment upon the child or deliberately subjects him to indignations and other excessive chastisement that embarrass or humiliate him.
9. causes or encourages the child to lead an immoral or dissolute life.
10. permits the child to possess, handle or carry a deadly weapon, regardless of its ownership.
11. allows or requires the child to drive without a license or with license which the parent knows to have been ille-gally procured. If the motor vehicle driven by the child belongs to the parent, it shall be presumed that he permitted or ordered the child to drive.
"Parents" as here used shall include the guardian and the head of the institution or foster home which has custody of the child. [Underscoring supplied.]
Art. 60. Penalty. - The act mentioned in the preceding article shall be punishable with imprisonment from two to six months or a fine not exceeding five hundred pesos, or both, at the discretion of the Court, unless a higher penalty is provided for in the Revised Penal Code or special laws, without prejudice to actions for the involuntary commitment of the child under Title VIII of this Code.
[Note: Article 60 of P.D. 603 has already been amended by R.A. 7610 or the Child Protection Law. Under Section 10, Article VI (Other Acts of Abuse) of R.A. 7610, Article 59 of P.D. 603 is now punishable by a higher penalty of prision mayor in its medium period.]